El Salvador – Travel guide at Wikivoyage
A beach on the Nicoya Peninsula Credit: THOMAS RAMSAUER Even at the widest sections of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, you can Rica, less so in busy El Salvador and mountainous Guatemala. .. town with lovely civic buildings dating from the 16thth centuries. . Includes free internet. Guatemala El Salvador live score (and video online live stream) starts on at Aussie Rules · Snooker · Floorball · Bandy · Table tennis · Beach volley Football · World · Int. Friendly Games Start date: Mar 2, 6: 00 PM Here on SofaScore livescore you can find all Guatemala vs El Salvador previous. Record - The Pan American Highway links El Salvador with Guatemala in the northwest from Spain in , but the first calls for liberation far preceded that date. Peterson, Anna, Manuel Vásquez, and Philip Williams (eds.). . Soccer is the most popular spectator sport among Salvadorans, and is played.
As ofagriculture accounted for Although unemployment in was estimated at 6. Although workers have the right to organize a union without gaining prior authorization, the government and the courts continued to deny union applications for legal standing through the excessive use of formalities, effectively blocking union formation.
Collective bargaining is limited to private sector employees and to those public employees in autonomous government agencies, such as the port authority and utilities. Technically, only private sector workers may strike, nevertheless, many public sector workers carry out strikes that are treated as legitimate.
However, unions wishing to call a strike must meet a number of conditions if that strike is to be considered legal. According to the Ministry of Labor, as of endonly 9. The workweek is set at a maximum of 44 hours and six days.
Bonus pay is required for overtime, and all full-time employees are required to get a weekly, paid eight-hour day of rest. Minimum pay rates are set by executive decree, and are based on recommendations from a committee made up of labor, business and government representatives. Those rates were set in Although the law prohibits employment for those under age 14, child labor remains a problem. Minors between the ages of 14 and 16 years are limited to six hours per day, with a maximum normal workweek at 34 hours.
Workers in hazardous occupations must be at least 18 years of age. Inagriculture represented 9. Primarily as a result of the civil war, coffee production declined in the s. In Junethe Ministry of Economy certified the first shipment of organic coffee; the agrarian reform cooperative that produced the coffee had not used chemicals or pesticides for over four years.
Production in amounted to 83, tons down fromtons in The coffee industry is a major employer in El Salvador, generating about 82, jobs. Sugar production fell between and but later recovered; cane production in was 5. Sugar is the most important agricultural product after coffee, and is grown mostly by independent producers. Investment has increased, as has the area under cultivation in contrast to the other two major export crops. Traditional grains grown in El Salvador include white corn, sorghum, rice, and edible beans.
These crops make up the fundamental diet for most Salvadorans and are produced on virtually all small farms. Production amounts in included corn,tons; sorghum,tons; rice, 26, tons; and beans, 72, tons. An additionaltons of corn were imported in to meet local demand. Land that was originally planted for cotton is now being used for sugarcane, pasture, and nontraditional crops.
Traditional coffee areas are also being absorbed by urbanization projects. Cattle are of the "criollo" type and are used for production of both meat and milk.
The dairy sector continued to suffer from inefficient production methods, poor animal genetic quality, and diseases.
There are over slaughterhouses operating illegally and without sanitary control. The government has planned to rebuild the livestock sector through financial and technological assistance. The poultry industry is one of El Salvador's most organized and efficient agri-businesses, divided into smaller family farms and large commercial operations. In there were 1, head of cattle. The hog population rose fromin toin but then declined toin Other livestock included 96, horses, 24, mules, 10, goats, and 13, chickens.
Inmilk production wastons. A total of 63, tons of eggs were produced during the same year. FISHING The fishing industry, which centers on shrimp, has undergone significant development since it first gained commercial importance in The best coastal fishing grounds are off the southeastern sector. Scaled fish include freshwater robalo, sea bassmullet, mackerel, swordfish, and redmouth; a tuna industry has been operating since Total fish production was 36, tons inincluding 1, tons from aquaculture.
Almost all of the lumber used in building and in other Salvadoran industries must be imported, mainly coming from neighboring Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Roundwood production in was 4. Forest products include dye woods and lumber, such as mahogany, walnut, and cedar, for furniture and cabinet work.
El Salvador is the world's main source of balsam, a medicinal gum; between Acajutla and La Libertad in the southwest is the so-called Balsam Coast, which supports a species of balsam tree unique to El Salvador. The country has produced gold and silver in the past. As ofthere had been no recorded production of gold or silver since Recent activity has been limited to exploration, including at El Doradowhose indicated resources were estimated at 25, kg of gold andkg of silver.
A 1, m diamond drill program on the Aldea Zapote project was completed in Industrial mineralsespecially limestone mined for domestic cement plants, were the primary commodities of the industry. Marine salt output rose in totaling 31, metric tons, down from 31, metric tons in Gypsum output in was estimated at 5, metric tons, unchanged from through Copper, lead, zinc, and sands containing titanium and ilmenite were also found in El Salvador.
Thus, it must rely upon imports to meet its fossil fuel needs. However, El Salvador is the largest producer of geothermal generated energy in Central America, with two geothermal facilities, the 95 MW Ahuachapan and the 66 MW Berlin facilities, in operation as of October According to government statistics, ingeothermal sources produced 0.
In that same year, thermal and hydropower sources accounted for Ina total of 4. Imports and exports of electricity in that year totaled million kWh and 91 million kWh, respectively. Inelectric power generating capacity stood at 1. Although El Salvador has no known reserves of oil, it is one of only three countries in Central America to operate a refinery.
Located at Acajutla on the Pacific coast, the facility has a capacity of 22, barrels per day, according to the Oil and Gas Journal.
Inrefinery output totaled 18, barrels per day. Oil product consumption for that year came to 39, barrels per day, with total petroleum imports at 45, barrels per day. The industrial sector has been oriented largely to the domestic and Central American markets, though this is changing in light of recent free trade arrangements. There are coffee-processing plants, sugar mills, bakeries, plants making petroleum products, vegetable oils, fats, confectioneries, dairy products, tobacco, soap, candles, matches, shoes, furniture, light metals, cement, and organic fertilizers.
Manufacturing got a foothold in the economy in the s and further grew as the CACM opened up regional markets in the s. Large-scale industry was then introduced, relying mostly on imports of crude materials.
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Inan oil refinery at Acajutla began processing Venezuelan crude oil; most of the output is consumed locally inproduction capacity was 22, barrels per day. During the early s, the greatest increase in value of manufacturing occurred in chemicals and textiles.
Following the attainment of civil peace in the s, the Salvadoran economy boomed. This growth was sustained by the recovery of the agricultural sector, and expansion of the construction and manufacturing sectors. Boosted by the rapid growth and development of its maquila offshore assembly for re-export zones, the economy became the most industrialized and best-performing in the Central American region.
Maquila exports, as the primary export, are more important to El Salvador's economy than local manufactures. However, reliance on maquilas may prove to be a short-term growth prospect as lower production costs in China and Asia attract maquilas elsewhere. In Maythe garment-producer Charles Products transferred operations from El Salvador to Sri Lanka to take advantage of cheaper production costs that would make its products more competitive with those produced in China.
Growing at a rate of 4. Teaching You - El Salvador A volunteer program focus on Teaching English in Santa Tecla City, the program is runing from monday to thrusday, from January to November, you can apply for 2 weeks to 24 weeks, volunteers pay a fee that cover their accommodation, cooking classes, and other stuff.
Centro de Intercambio y Solidaridad is often looking to hire bi-lingual project managers and liaisons, and offers both Spanish classes and numerous volunteer and cultural opportunities. The recent incursion of the call center business has raised the bar in the need for a bi-lingual workforce. Stay safe[ edit ] El Salvador has a bad reputation due to the civil war of the 80s.
Crime is an issue, most of it is attributed to street gangs, though statistics from official sources do not support that claim.Juego El SALVADOR vrs GUATEMALA
You must use common sense and avoid entering into a zone that does not appear safe, just like you do in any country of the world. Avoid carrying fancy items such as jewelry, expensive cameras, and watches if you are walking on the public streets.
Females should avoid traveling alone as they may catch the occasional cat-calling and perhaps get sexually assaulted on tightly packed buses.
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As a foreigner the kind of response you might get from the police is "hit or miss. Police officers have also been known to whistle or cat-call female travelers. It is a good idea for any person visiting El Salvador to keep only necessary forms of identification, such as a driver's license, when exploring the city or tourist locales.
If you must keep your passport on you at all times, a traveler's pouch would allow you to have it safely with you. Police officers routinely ask tourists to present their passports, most can be convinced that a copy of the passport and the visa page is sufficient. Others will infrequently insist on accompanying you back to your hotel to retrieve your actual document.
In San Salvador was considered the second most dangerous city in the Western Hemisphere, according to statistics. Since the end of the civil war in El Salvador has not seen a reduction in crime rates. Today San Salvador, and El Salvador in general, experience some of the highest homicide rates in the world, it is also considered an epicenter of the gang crisis, along with Guatemala and Honduras.
The homicides reported in reached up to 3, in 3, were reported; Crime rates in general have been steadily growing throughout the years, from crime rose 7. El Salvador is the most dangerous and violent country in Central America.
The government tried controlling the gangs with a tactic called "Super Mano Dura" which means "Super Strong Hand", however it has not been successful. Inthe Catholic Church has orchestrated a "gang truce" which has significantly reduced the number of homicides in the country - from 14 a day to 5 a day.
The church and now the government have worked with gang leaders to procure for them work programs and other training and amenities in prison in exchange for a decrease in violence and turning in of weapons. This arrangement has sustained itself for more than a year. The violence in the country is rarely directed at tourists, and travellers have no more to worry about than any other developing country one may visit.
However, that doesn't mean you're immune from becoming a target. Stay healthy[ edit ] There are great private hospitals staffed by doctors trained overseas. Many speak at least a little English. Salvadorans will tell you the best hospital to go to is Hospital Diagnostico which is one of the most expensive. It does have a good reputation for cancer treatments and research. However, ex-pats living in El Salvador will often disagree and say that Hospital de la Mujer is much better, especially for minor surgeries, blood tests and anything to do with women's health.
As there are more people having babies in El Salvador than cancer treatments, you may find that the nurses and doctors are in much better practice at the Hospital de la Mujer than at Diagnostico, where few Salvadorans can afford to go! Antu Silan Ulap eventually handed over control of the Lenca resistance to Lempira also called Empira. Lempira was noteworthy among indigenous leaders in that he mocked the Spanish by wearing their clothes after capturing them and using their weapons captured in battle.
Lempira fought in command of thousands of Lenca forces for six more years in El Salvador and Honduras until he was killed in battle. The remaining Lenca forces retreated into the hills. The Spanish were then able to rebuild their garrison town of San Miguel in Reino de Guatemalacreated in as an administrative division of New Spain.
The Salvadoran territory was administered by the Mayor of Sonsonate, with San Salvador being established as an intendancia in Towards the end ofa combination of internal and external factors motivated Central American elites to attempt to gain independence from the Spanish Crown. The most important internal factors were the desire of local elites to control the country's affairs free of involvement from Spanish authorities, and the long-standing Creole aspiration for independence. The main external factors motivating the independence movement were the success of the French and American revolutions in the 18th century, and the weakening of the Spanish Crown's military power as a result of the Napoleonic Warswith the resulting inability to control its colonies effectively.
This insurrection was suppressed and many of its leaders were arrested and served sentences in jail. Another insurrection was launched inand again this insurrection was also suppressed. Independence In in light of unrest in Guatemala, Spanish authorities capitulated and signed the Act of Independence of Central Americawhich released all of the Captaincy of Guatemala comprising current territories of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica and the Mexican state of Chiapas from Spanish rule and declared its independence.
El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries. A Mexican military detachment marched to San Salvador and suppressed dissent, but with the fall of Iturbide on 19 Marchthe army decamped back to Mexico. Shortly thereafter, the authorities of the provinces revoked the vote to join Mexico, deciding instead to form a federal union of the five remaining provinces. Chiapas permanently joined Mexico at this juncture. When the Federal Republic of Central America dissolved inEl Salvador maintained its own government until it joined Honduras and Nicaragua in to form the Greater Republic of Central Americawhich dissolved in After the midth century, the economy was based on coffee growing.
As the world market for indigo withered away, the economy prospered or suffered as the world coffee price fluctuated. The enormous profits that coffee yielded as a monoculture export served as an impetus for the concentration of land into the hands of an oligarchy of just a few families.
Inthe national guard was created as a rural police force.
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Once in office he revived the practice of presidents designating their successors. After serving his term, he remained active in the Army of El Salvador, and was killed July 11,at El Jicaro during a war against Guatemala. Until El Salvador was politically stable, with undercurrents of popular discontent. Manuel Enrique Araujo was killed inmany hypotheses were advanced for the political motive of his murder. Araujo's administration was followed by the Melendez-Quinonez dynasty that lasted from to His government lasted only nine months before it was overthrown by junior military officers who accused his Labor Party of lacking political and governmental experience and of using its government offices inefficiently.
President Araujo faced general popular discontent, as the people had expected economic reforms and the redistribution of land. There were demonstrations in front of the National Palace from the first week of his administration.
His vice president and minister of war was Gen. Only the First Regiment of Cavalry and the National Police defended the presidency the National Police had been on its payrollbut later that night, after hours of fighting, the badly outnumbered defenders surrendered to rebel forces. The Directorate, composed of officers, hid behind a shadowy figure,  a rich anti-Communist banker called Rodolfo Duke, and later installed the ardent fascist Gen.
The revolt was probably due to the army's discontent at not having been paid by President Araujo for some months. Araujo left the National Palace and unsuccessfully tried to organize forces to defeat the revolt. He resigned six months prior to running for re-election, winning back the presidency as the only candidate on the ballot.
He ruled from tothen from to He began a fourth term inbut resigned in May after a general strike. Only Cuenca survived; the other insurgents were killed by the government. After the capture of the movement leaders, the insurrection erupted in a disorganized and mob-controlled fashion, resulting in government repression that was later referred to as La Matanza The Massacrebecause tens of thousands of peasants died in the ensuing chaos on the orders of President Martinez.
Their goal was to help poor and underprivileged Salvadorans through the use of Marxist-Leninist ideology strongly rejecting Stalinism. They helped start a guerrilla revolt of indigenous farmers. The government responded by killing over 30, people at what was to have been a "peaceful meeting" in ; this became known as La Matanza The Slaughter. The Communist-led rebellion, fomented by collapsing coffee prices, enjoyed some initial success, but was soon drowned in a bloodbath.
Historically, the high Salvadoran population density has contributed to tensions with neighboring Hondurasas land-poor Salvadorans emigrated to less densely populated Honduras and established themselves as squatters on unused or underused land. This phenomenon was a major cause of the Football War between the two countries. They share common ideals, but one represents the middle class and the latter the interests of the Salvadoran military.
Duarte later ran for president with a political grouping called the National Opposition Union UNO but was defeated in the presidential elections.